Standards for Medical Respite Companion

The Standards for Medical Respite Care Companion is a compilation of policies, procedures, and forms from existing medical respite programs to correspond with each standard.

These resources are meant to help your program document that your practice adheres to the national standards. They are free for you to use and adapt as needed in your organization. Click each standard to find its corresponding documents, or download the entire compilation as a PDF file below.

Additionally, the Council developed an organizational self-assessment for programs to use internally to track their progress towards meeting the standards.

If you have questions or would like additional resources, please contact Julia Dobbins

Standard 1

Medical respite program provides safe and quality accommodations

Standard 2

Medical respite program provides quality environmental services

Standard 3

Medical respite program manages timely and safe care transitions to medical respite from acute care, specialty care, and/or community settings

Standard 4

Medical respite program administers high quality post-acute clinical care

Standard 5

Medical respite program assists in health care coordination and provides wrap-around support services

Standard 6

Medical respite program facilitates safe and appropriate care transitions from medical respite to the community

Standard 7

Medical respite care is driven by quality improvement

 

For a printable version of all Standards forms, policy, and procedure examples, click here

 

Standard 1: Medical respite program provides safe and quality accommodations

Medical respite programs provide patients with space to rest and perform activities of daily living (ADLs) while receiving care for acute illness and injuries. As such, the physical space of medical respite programs should be habitable and promote physical functioning, adequate hygiene, and personal safety.

Criteria:

1. A bed is available to each patient for 24 hours a day while admitted to the program.

Intake Checklist Packet

 

2. Onsite showering and laundering facilities are available to patients to promote proper hygiene.

Refer to 1.1 example

 

3. Clean linens are provided upon admission.

Conditions of Residency

 

4. The medical respite facility is accessible to people who have mobility impairments and other physical disabilities.

ADA Policy Example

Disability Policy and Procedure

 

5. The medical respite facility provides access to secured storage for personal belongings and medications (when the program is not authorized to store/dispense medication by applicable governing bodies).

Personal Belongings Form

Medication Policy and Procedure

 

6. Food services meet applicable public health department guidelines for food handling.

Note: If partnering with another organization to provide food services, the partnering organization agrees that they meet this criterion in a written formal agreement.

Food Depository Agreement

Food Storage Policy and Procedure

Food Server Certificate

Department of Health Food Service Certificate

 

7. At least three meals per day are provided.

  • Non-congregate settings (including private and semi-private rooms in apartments or motels) may provide unprepared food if a fully equipped kitchen is available to the patient. If a kitchen is made available, it is safe and hygienic and includes proper refrigeration and disposal of trash.
  • Meals and unprepared food accommodate medical diets.

Diet Policy

Dietary Needs Form

 

8. Medical respite programs located in congregate facilities maintain 24-hour staff presence. On-site staff (either clinical or non-clinical) is trained at minimum to provide first aid and basic life support services and communicate to outside emergency assistance.

After Hours Procedure

 

9. Medical respite programs have 24-hour on-call medical support or a nurse call-line for non-emergency medical inquiries when clinical staff is not on site.

After Hours Procedure

Example of List of Numbers

Provider Contact List

 

10. The organization has written policies and procedures for responding to life-threatening emergencies.

Emergency Discharge Policy and Procedure

Medical Emergency Procedure

 

11. The medical respite program is compliant with local and/or state fire safety standards governing its facility.

Fire Evacuation Policy and Procedure

Fire Evacuation Policy and Procedure Example

 

12. The medical respite program has a written code of resident conduct or behavioral agreement that describes program policies including potential causes for early discharge.

Resident Agreement

 

13. The medical respite program has plans in place and staff trainings to address:

  • the handling of alcohol, illegal drugs, and unauthorized prescription drugs found on site.
  • the handling of weapons brought into the facility, including strategies to maximize client and staff safety, and appropriate staff response to violence.

Housing Agreement

 

Back to Top

 

Standard 2: Medical respite program provides quality environmental services

Like other clinical settings, medical respite programs must manage infectious disease and handle biomedical and pharmaceutical waste. Medical respite programs should follow applicable local or state guidelines and regulations related to hazardous waste handling and disposal, disease prevention, and safety. Written policies and procedures described below should reflect applicable local, state, or federal guidelines and regulations.

Criteria:

1. The medical respite program has a written policy and procedure for safe storage, disposal and handling of biomedical and pharmaceutical waste, including expired or unused medications and needles.

Medical Waste Manifest

Medical Waste Manifest Example 2

Biohazard Policy and Procedures

Pharmaceutical Waste Checklist

Waste Management Plan Example

 

2. The medical respite program has a written protocol for managing exposure to bodily fluids and other biohazards.

Blood Exposure Policy and Procedure

Exposure Report Form

 

3. When patient medications are stored and/or handled by staff, the medical respite program follows state regulations for the storage, handling, security, and disposal of patient medications.

Medication Policy and Procedure

Medication Administration Policy and Procedure

Drug Disposal Contract

Medical Storage Policy

Medication Handling Policy and Procedure

Outdated Medication Policy and Procedure

Medication Program Policy and Procedure

 

4. The medical respite program has written protocols in place to promote infection control and the management of communicable diseases (e.g. scabies, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)).

MRSA Guidelines

Pertussis Management

 

5. The medical respite program follows applicable reporting requirements for communicable diseases.

Communicable Disease Disclosure

Confidential Morbidity Report

Patients with Contagious Diseases Policy and Procedure

Procedure for Reporting Communicable Disease

Reportable Communicable Diseases

TB Communicable Disease Disclosure

 

6. The medical respite premises and equipment are cleaned and disinfected according to policies and procedures or manufacturers’ instructions to prevent, minimize, and control infection or illness.

Housekeeping Certificate Example

Housekeeping Certificate Example 2

Housekeeping Guidelines

 

7. A pest control program is implemented and documented.

Bed Bugs Policy and Procedure

Pest Sighting Record Example

Pesticide Record Example

 

Back to Top

 

Standard 3: Medical respite program manages timely and safe care transitions to medical respite from acute care, specialty care, and/or community settings

Care transitions refer to the movement of patients between health care locations, providers, or different levels of care within the same location as their conditions and care needs change. Care transition initiatives aim to improve quality and continuity of care and reduce the chances of medical errors that can occur when patient care and information is transferred to another provider.

Criteria:

1. Medical respite program maintains clear policies and procedures for the screening and management of referrals into the medical respite program including:

  • Written admissions criteria

Admissions Criteria

Intake Criteria

Intake Documentation

Medical Guidelines for Intake

Reporting No ID/No Income

Requirements for Intake Example

  • Review for clinical appropriateness

History and Physical Assessment Form

Homeless Verification

  • The point of contact or phone number for referrals
  • Clinical summary

Clinical Summary

  • Referral decision time and communication back

Denied Referrals Log

Referral and Wait List Log Example

Wait List Log Example

  • HIPAA compliant communication

Confidentiality Policy Example

Information Sharing Agreement Example

Employee Agreement Example

Consent for Data Sharing

Application Checklist

Bed Reservation Intake

Criteria Services and Referral Process

Referral Application

Referral Checklis

Referral Form for Case Managers

Provider Referral Form Example

Provider Referral Form Example 2

 

2. The medical respite program maintains standards for admitting practices:

  • Each patient admitted to medical respite program has a designated medical respite provider of record

Medical Diagnosis

  • The medical respite program performs medication reconciliation

Medication Program Policy and Procedure

Medication Refills Policy and Procedure

Counting Controlled Medication Policy and Procedure

Medication Policy and Procedure Example

Medical Reconciliation Example

  • The medical respite program screens for and honors existing advance directives
  • The medical respite program notifies existing primary care providers about a patient’s transition into the program

Consent for Treatment with Collaboration Partners

Registration Fee Application and Consent Form

 

Back to Top

 

Standard 4: Medical respite program administers high quality post-acute clinical care settings

In order to ensure adequate recuperation from illness and injury, medical respite programs must provide an adequate level of clinical care. Medical respite programs need qualified medical respite personnel to assess baseline patient health, make ongoing reassessments to determine whether clinical interventions are effective, and determine readiness for program discharge. High quality clinical care responds to the patient’s needs and goals and promotes interdisciplinary team work.

Clinical care may be provided by a partner organization as long as all of the criteria below are met. In the event that clinical care is delivered by another provider, that relationship should be documented in a written contract or agreement. The contract or agreement should address the criteria below.

Criteria:

1. A medical record is maintained for each patient and its content, maintenance, and confidentiality meet the requirements set forth in federal and state laws and regulations.

Note: Medical records may be maintained by an off-site health care organization that assumes responsibility for the clinical care of patients while in the medical respite program provided all privacy laws are followed in the sharing of patient information and access to such information.

Acceptable Use of Information Policy and Procedure

Demographic Sheet

Medical Record System Example

Medical Record Policy and Procedure

Confidentiality Agreement

 

2. Appropriate medical respite staff conducts a baseline assessment of each patient to determine factors that will influence care, treatment and services. For each patient, the baseline assessment includes:

  • Current diagnoses, pertinent history, medication history (including allergies and sensitivities), current medications, and current treatments

Referral TB Test

    1. Physical and mental health status
    2. Behavioral health needs, including substance abuse
    3. Pain status, as needed
    4. Fall risk
    5. Immunization status (at minimum influenza, consider other age appropriate vaccinations)

Assessments and Reassessments Policy and Procedures

Patient Assessment Example

 

3. With each patient, an individualized care plan is developed specifying treatments, desired outcomes or goals, and discharge indicators.

Case Management Policy and Procedure

Service Plan Policy and Procedure

 

4. Clinical encounters are conducted based on individualized care plans or changes in patient conditions.

Care Plan Policy

Progress Form Example

Case Loads

 

5. Patients receive at least one wellness check every 24 hours by medical respite staff (clinical or non-clinical). Changes in the patient’s condition or patient concerns are communicated to the designated medical provider.

Reporting and Discharge Form

Wellness Check Example

 

6. When various professional disciplines are involved in the care plan, care, treatment, and services are provided to the patient in an interdisciplinary, collaborative manner.

Coordinating Care Policy and Procedure

Service Agreement

 

Back to Top

 

Standard 5: Medical respite program assists in health care coordination and provides wrap-around support services*

Medical respite programs are uniquely positioned to coordinate care for a complex population of patients who may otherwise face barriers to adequately navigate and engage in support systems. Case managers can improve coordination of care by brokering linkages to community and social supports in order to help patients transition out of homelessness and achieve positive health outcomes.

Criteria:

1. The medical respite program designates staff to coordinate health care. Care coordination activities include:

  • Supporting the patient in developing self-management goals. Self-management goal setting is a collaborative approach to help patients increase understanding of actions that affect their health and develop strategies to live as fully and productively as possible

Service Plan Policy and Procedure

  • Helping patients navigate health systems and establish an ongoing relationship with primary care providers/patient-centered medical homes
  • Coordinating or providing transportation to and from medical appointments and support services

Transportation Example

Transportation Example 2

Transportation Policy and Procedure

  • Facilitating patient follow up for medical appointments and accompanying the patient to medical appointments when necessary

Patient Appointment Record

  • Ensuring communication occurs between medical respite staff and outside providers to follow up on any changes in patient care plans
  • Providing access to local phone service during the medical respite stay
  • Making referrals to substance use and/or mental health programs, as needed

 

2. The medical respite care team provides wrap around services including the following as appropriate (the services are either provided internally or contracted for).

  • Facilitating access to housing, including supportive housing when appropriate

Housing and Respite Stability Plan

Housing Stability Plan Example

  • Identifying community resources as indicated
  • Submitting applications for SSI/SSDI, food stamps, Medicaid, and/or other federal/state benefit programs
  • Providing access to social support groups (e.g., cancer support, addiction support).
  • Facilitating family/caregiver interaction.

Service Plan Policy and Procedure

Daily Activities and Bed Rest Policy and Procedure

Flyer for Information Example

Flyer for Services Example

 

* The Federal Health Center Program uses the term enabling services to describe wrap-around support services. Per Section 330(b)(1)(A)(iv), enabling services are non-clinical services that do not include direct patient services that enable individuals to access health care and improve health outcomes. Enabling services include case management, referrals, translation/interpretation, transportation, eligibility assistance, health education, environmental health risk reduction, health literacy, and outreach.

 

Back to Top

 

Standard 6: Medical respite program facilitates safe and appropriate care transitions out of medical respite care

Medical respite programs have a unique opportunity to influence the long-term health and quality of life outcomes for individuals experiencing homelessness. A formal approach to the transition of care when patients are discharged from medical respite will optimize the chances for success.

Criteria:

1. Medical respite program maintains clear policies and procedures for discharging medical respite patients back into the community.

  • The medical respite program has a written discharge policy. The policy specifies the personnel authorized to make discharge decisions.
  • Patient is informed of the discharge policy and procedure.
  • Patients are given a minimum of 24 hours’ notice prior to being discharged from the program (exceptions for administrative discharges in the event of inappropriate behavior).

Resident Discharge including Violence Policy and Procedure

 

2. The medical respite program maintains standards for discharging practices:

  • Upon discharge, a discharge summary is made available to the patient. Discharge instructions can be made available within a reasonable period of time. The discharge instructions may include the following:
    1. Written medication list and medication refill information (i.e., pharmacy)
    2. Medical problem list, allergies, indications of a worsening condition, and how to respond
    3. Instructions for accessing relevant resources in the community
    4. List of follow-up appointments and contact information
    5. Special medical instructions (e.g., weight bearing limitations, dietary precautions, wound orders)
  • Adequate protocols are in place for transferring patient information (or access to e-record) to appropriate community providers.
  • A discharge summary generated by the medical respite clinical team is forwarded to the primary care provider. The summary may include:
    1. Admitting diagnosis, medical respite course, and disposition
    2. Allergies
    3. Discharge medication list
    4. Follow up instruction list
    5. Any specialty care and/or primary care follow up appointments scheduled
    6. Patient education/after care instructions
    7. List of pending procedures or labs that require follow up
    8. Communicable disease alerts
    9. Behavioral alerts
    10. Any pain management plan
    11. Any follow-up actions needed as a result of health insurance applications or other benefits initiated while at the medical respite program
    12. Contact information for treating providers
    13. Exit placement

Medical Stability and Discharge Assessment

  • For patients returning to the hospital, a clinical summary is generated by the medical respite clinical team to describe the reason for return.
  • The medical respite program has a policy and procedure that addresses non-routine discharge including but not limited to death and elopement.

Resident Discharge including Violence Policy and Procedure

  • Patients are provided with options for placement after discharge from the medical respite program. Every effort is made to transition patients to a living situation that is acceptable to the patient. Patient should be given information about community resources and where to follow up with pending applications.

Discharge Form Example

 

Back to Top

 

Standard 7: Medical respite is driven by quality improvement

Quality improvement consists of systematic and continuous actions that lead to measurable improvement in the services provided in the medical respite program. The integrity of a medical respite program rests on its ability to provide meaningful and quality services to a complex population. As such, medical respite programs have policies and procedures in place to ensure that their personnel are qualified and effective in improving the health of people experiencing homelessness.

Criteria

1. The program established and annually updates a quality improvement plan. The quality improvement plan includes essential information on how the program will implement and monitor high quality clinical and enabling services.

2. Self-audits and/or peer reviews are conducted at least annually as part of the quality improvement plan. Self-audit and peer reviews are regular reviews of client files to ensure that appropriate standards are maintained in the provision of care.

Internal Audit Policy and Procedure

Peer Review Policy and Procedure

 

3. The medical respite program has a written patient grievance policy and procedure.

Grievance Policy and Procedure

Grievance Policy and Procedure Example 2

Grievance Procedure Example

 

4. The medical respite program has a written procedure for managing and reporting incidents, including patient falls.

Incident Report Documentation

Unusual Event Reporting Procedure

 

5. Staff employed by the program have written job descriptions and meet the qualifications required by such job descriptions. The job description defines the competencies of employees involved in patient care, treatment or services.

Continuing Education Certificate Example

Job Description Example

Job Description Example 2

Job Outline Example

New Hire Request

 

6. The credentials of licensed and certified professionals (employed, contracted, and volunteer) are initially verified and subsequently reviewed at least every two years per program policy.

Screening Ineligible Persons

 

7. To the extent the program or organization utilizes volunteers in providing care, treatment, or services, there will be written procedures in place to screen volunteers to ensure patient safety. All clinical volunteers are credentialed per programs credentialing process for their relevant scope of practice.

Volunteer Confidentiality Agreement

Volunteer Information Documentation

Volunteering Information

 

8. The administering agency employs or appoints a Medical Director to oversee the medical aspects of the program. The Medical Director is a licensed provider who is an (NP, PA, MD, DO).

9. Performance reviews are conducted annually for all employees pursuant to written human resource policies. For clinical staff, the performance review includes an evaluation of the quality of clinical care provided.

Employee Evaluation Procedure

Performance Evaluation Policy

 

10. The medical respite program establishes a training plan to equip employees, volunteers, contractors with necessary skills to maintain a safe and quality-oriented environment. Training topics may include:

  • Health information privacy and HIPAA regulations

Employee Agreement Example

Consent for Data Sharing

Confidentiality Agreement

IT Policy and Procedure

  • De-escalation
  • Non-discrimination and cultural competency

Training Policy and Procedure

  • Sexual harassment

Harassment Policy

  • Bloodborne pathogen exposure
  • Incident Report

Incident Report Documentation

Unusual Event Reporting Procedure

  • Timely and complete documentation of clinical care

Chart Review Policy and Procedure

Safety Procedures

Safety Review

  • The medical respite program conducts a patient experience of care survey.

Exit Survey

 

Back to Top