End of Life Care

In Focus: A Quarterly Research Review

Advance Care Planning for Individuals Experiencing Homelessness (2016) | By 2050, an estimated 95,000 older adults will be without homes, and they will confront high disease and mortality rates. Advance care planning (ACP) can play a critical role for this population in preventing unnecessary suffering and supporting individuals’ preferences for palliative and end-of-life care. This literature review examines that subject, shedding light on current aging, disease, and mortality trends of people without homes, exploring their concerns about death and preferences for advanced care, and noting implications for policy and practice to better meet the needs of individuals experiencing homelessness. View the issue today!

Healing Hands Issue

HCH Clinicians Can Help Homeless People Die with Dignity (2004) | Death is ever present among homeless people and the providers who treat them. People who are homeless may die unexpectedly—often violently—or they may be seriously ill but not have access to sophisticated hospice and palliative care programs. However, some innovative programs provide compassionate end-of-life care to homeless and other underserved people, and there are some simple things that HCH providers can do to help their clients think about their preferences for end-of-life treatment. These and other topics related to end-of-life care are explored in the articles included in this issue of Healing Hands.

Advance Care Directives

Excerpt from Clinical Recommendations for the Medical Respite Setting (2011) developed by the Respite Care Providers Network:

“The medical respite setting is an opportune place to assist patients in creating advanced care plans. Medical respite providers may need to spend extra time working with homeless patients to help them reconnect with relatives or determine who best to act as a surrogate when no friend or relative is identified to help make end-of-life decisions. Once plans are completed, medical respite care providers should assist patients in getting their plans notarized and filed with the appropriate medical institution. Advanced Care Plan templates are usually available from state departments of health. A template used in Minnesota in homeless health care settings is included in the Appendix.”

See Appendix B (pg. 43) for a template of a living will.

Related Research

Song, J., Ratner, E.R., Wall, M.M., Bartels, D.M., Ulvestad, N., Petroskas, D., West, M., Weber-Main, A.M., Grengs, L., Gelberg, L. (2010). Effect of an End-of-Life Planning Intervention on the completion of advance directives in homeless persons: a randomized trial. Annals of Internal Medicine, 20(2): 76-84.

Song, J., Wall, M.M., Ratner, E.R., Bartels, D.M., Ulvestad, N., Gelberg, L. (2008). Engaging Homeless Persons in End of Life Preparations. J Gen Intern Med, 23(12): 2031–2045.

Song, J., Bartels, D.M., Ratner, E.R., Alderton, L., Hudson, B., Ahluwalia, J.S. (2008). Dying on the streets: homeless persons’ concerns and desires about end of life care. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 22(4): 435-441.